Schreiber-Bogen Card Modelling The Brandenburg Gate
Colored model to cut out and stick!
Material: Paper, Cardboard
Length: 40 cm
Width: 19 cm
Height: 19 cm
Difficulty : 2
Number of sheets: 5.5
The Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate in the centre of Berlin is not only the symbol of the city, but also the scene of important historic events which made the former city gate world famous.
Its history begins ten years after the end of the Thirty Years War with the building of the city wall. In 1658 a simple city gate was erected on the road from Berlin to Brandenburg. In 1769 King Friedrich Wilhelm II commissioned a plan to improve the appearance of Berlin, and the draft of the Brandenburg Gate was also included. The old gate was pulled down in 1788 and the new plan was put into action. The new gate in the classicist style reminds one of the temples in Greek Antiquity. Reliefs on the fascia and the inside of the entrances show Greek and Roman gods. Both columned halls to the right and left of the Brandenburg Gate were completed in 1868 after the city wall had been pulled down. In 1793 the Quadriga was installed on the roof. This copper statue depicts the Roman goddess of victory driving a four-horse chariot, symbolically bringing peace to the city.
But it was a long time before there was peace. During the occupation by Napoleon in 1806 many art treasures were stolen from Berlin and taken to Paris, including the Quadriga. It was intended to decorate the Triumphal Arch there. Jacob Grimm (one of the Brothers Grimm) discovered it once more, and it returned to Berlin in 1815.
The Brandenburg Gate has been the scene of many parades and demonstrations, like the 1848 Revolution, Prussian victory parades and the seizure of power by the Nazis in 1933. The Brandenburg Gate was destroyed during the Second World War and was restored after the war. However, there was a delay with the reconstruction of the Quadriga. It was only put back on the Gate in 1958, but Victory was no longer holding any symbols of power in her hand. In August 1961 the Berlin Wall was built directly in front of the Brandenburg Gate. It was only in November 1989 when the Wall fell that the Brandenburg Gate re-opened. Since then the Gate and the Quadriga have been refurbished and the square around the Gate newly laid out. A red line drawn right across the square marks where the Wall ran and therefore is also a reminder of the many people who lost their lives attempting to flee from the GDR.
Up to the present day, the Brandenburg Gate is of great symbolic value. At the beginning it demonstrated the power of the different governments and from 1945 to 1989 became the symbol of the Cold War between East and West. Since the German Reunification it has stood for unity in Germany and Europe. The fact that the Brandenburg Gate is also minted on three German coins (10, 20 and 50 cents) shows its great importance. Even today, numerous events, festivals, demonstrations and concerts take place around the Brandenburg Gate. Topics such as unity, peace and the responsibility of social policy are then the centre of attention.
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